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Early Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is the commonest cause of cancer death in the UK because most patients are diagnosed at a late stage when curative treatment is no longer possible. Did you know:

  • In the US annual lung cancer screening is now recommended for adults aged 55 to 80 years who currently smoke or have quit smoking within the past 15 years
  • In the UK over 41,000 people are diagnosed with the condition each year
  • Lung cancer is rare in individuals under the age of 40 and is most commonly diagnosed in those aged 70-74 years.

Your check for lung cancer

The EarlyCDT  test measures your antibody response to seven proteins produced by lung cancer cells. The test result is reported as either a low level, moderate level or high level. Moderate or high EarlyCDT test results will be found in 4 out of every 10 individuals with lung cancer. If the EarlyCDT test result is reported as moderate or high, then it is highly likely that a lung cancer will be present

Six out of ten lung cancers will not be detected by EarlyCDT testing. Therefore a low level result should always be treated with caution in the presence of symptoms such as a persistent cough, coughing up blood, shortness of breath, aches or pains when breathing, a hoarse voice, loss of appetite, weight loss and extreme tiredness. It is always important to make an appointment to see your own doctor if such symptoms remain unexplained.

If your results show a moderate or high level the next step is to arrange an urgent appointment to see your own general practitioner. He or she might then make a referral to a chest specialist and/or arrange further investigations such as a CT scan of your chest.

It is important to appreciate that it can often be quite difficult to see small, curable lung cancers on a simple Chest X-ray. Recent research has demonstrated that routine Chest X-rays can miss one-quarter of all lung cancers.

What other factors should be considered before embarking on EarlyCDT testing?

  • Six out of ten lung cancers will not be detected by EarlyCDT testing. Therefore a low level result should always be treated with caution in the presence of symptoms such as a persistent cough, coughing up blood, shortness of breath, aches or pains when breathing, a hoarse voice, loss of appetite, weight loss and extreme tiredness. It is always important to make an appointment to see your own doctor if such symptoms remain unexplained.
  • If your results show a moderate or high level the next step is to arrange an urgent appointment to see your own general practitioner. He or she might then make a referral to a chest specialist and/or arrange further investigations such as a CT scan of your chest.
  • It is important to appreciate that it can often be quite difficult to see small, curable lung cancers on a simple Chest X-ray. Recent research has demonstrated that routine Chest X-rays can miss one-quarter of all lung cancers.

How to prepare

You do not need to fast prior to your test but you are advised to wear loose fitting clothing as we will need to take a blood sample.

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