Stroke Risk and Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD)
There are around 152,000 strokes in the UK every year, which equates to approximately 1 stroke every 5 minutes. Did you know that:
- Stroke is the 3rd leading killer in the UK and leading cause of adult disability
- According to the Circulation Foundation, 75% of people with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) will suffer a stroke or heart attack if it’s left untreated
- In 80% of cases there are no warning signs
- Yet, according to the World Health Organisation, 80% of strokes can be prevented
Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD)
There are a variety of risk factors for stroke and we look at several leading causes including PAD.
When blood travels through your arteries it can leave behind deposits, known as plaque, which can stick to the inside of the artery. This is known as “atherosclerosis”. Gradually, over many years, these deposits can build-up and cause the inside of the artery to narrow and potentially restrict blood flow increasing risk of stroke and vascular dementia.
Your test for PAD can help detect whether you have a build-up of plaque within your arteries. The test is painless and uses simple sensors attached to your arms and legs to detect the blood pressure readings between your upper arm and lower ankle. This is known as your Ankle Brachial Pressure Index (ABPI). A ratio below 1.0 indicates that your blood pressure is lower in your leg suggesting the presence of PAD.