Phosphate

Phosphate is an important chemical used by your body to make DNA, in energy production and in the formation of your teeth and bones.

Phosphate

Includes a simple blood test for phosphate, an important chemical which can help identify kidney damage.

£89

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Phosphate

Dr Cullimore says “Once your body has used the phosphate it needs, it’s filtered and removed through your kidneys. If your kidneys aren’t functioning properly, they struggle to remove excess phosphate from your blood quickly enough. A surplus of phosphate in your body is often a sign of kidney disease and can lead to problems with your muscles and bones. It can also increase your risk of suffering a heart attack or stroke.  On the other hand, low levels of phosphate can occur when your kidneys are removing more phosphate than is necessary.  Amongst other things, this can occur suddenly due to malnutrition, alcoholism or diabetic ketoacidosis.  It can also happen over time as a result of hyperparathyroidism (when a hormone called parathyroid is telling your kidneys to remove more phosphate than it should), prolonged use of diuretics, or simply not consuming enough phosphorus-rich foods. Although it’s often a sign of kidney damage, most people with high phosphate levels don’t have symptoms. Low levels may cause fatigue, muscle weakness, anxiety or irritability and weight gain or loss.”

You’ll also receive other relevant readings including glucose, cholesterol and kidney function to help give a good overview of your kidney function.

All our tests have been specially designed to be convenient and non-invasive. Once you’ve booked your appointment, full preparation instructions will be provided in your confirmation email or letter. You can continue to eat and drink normally before your appointment, and you’ll also remain fully clothed throughout.

Which readings are included?

Phosphate is made when phosphorus from the foods you eat – protein-rich foods, like meats, nuts, beans and dairy - enters your body and combines with oxygen. Having a high level of phosphate in your blood is known as hyperphosphatemia. A deficiency of phosphate in your blood is called hypophosphataemia. Phosphates are important for energy production, muscle and nerve function.
This includes tests for calcium and corrected calcium. Calcium is essential for healthy bone and muscle function.
Your general health markers include Albumin, Globulin, Protein and Iron. Abnormal levels of any of these can indicate liver and kidney disorders. Additionally, iron deficiency may indicate anaemia or an underlying problem with your stomach, bowel or kidneys.
This type 2 diabetes check measures the level of glucose in your blood. Around half a million people in the UK have undiagnosed diabetes, and although it increases your risk of developing serious illnesses including cancer and heart disease, in many cases the condition can be treated or even reversed through diet and lifestyle changes.
You'll receive 5 key readings including LDL (Low Density Lipoprotein) or “bad” cholesterol, HDL (High Density Lipoprotein) or “good” cholesterol, Triglycerides, Total cholesterol and HDL/total cholesterol ratio. Together, these readings are used to determine whether your cholesterol is too high. High cholesterol can dramatically increase your risk of serious health conditions like heart attack, stroke, peripheral arterial disease and atherosclerosis. Over 50% of UK adults have high cholesterol.
This includes tests for Sodium, Urea and Creatinine. Abnormal levels can indicate impaired kidney function and fluid imbalance in your body. You’ll also get a reading for your eGFR (estimated glomerular filtration rate), used to ascertain how efficiently and effectively your kidneys are working.
This includes tests for Aspartate Transferase (AST), Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT), Alkaline Phosphate (ALP), Gamma GT and Bilirubin. These enzymes are found in the liver and other vital organs. Levels of these enzymes are a common measure of your overall liver health and function. Abnormal levels can help indicate a range of health conditions including liver damage, bone disorders, blood disorders and jaundice.
High levels of uric acid can indicate gout, a form of inflammatory arthritis which causes swelling of the joints. Low levels of uric acid can be a symptom of kidney or liver disease.

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